Thursday, August 29, 2013

The Burden of Proof Logical Fallacy.


Forgetting the basics of rational, logical argumentation and thought is one of the tragedies of our world.
A couple of individuals who apparently wasted a lot of time reading pop culture about ETs, mysteries, pseudo-science, wrote that our friend Norio Hayakawa doesn't gives evidences included with the denial of the ETH mythology.
ETH believers would like to maintain that the presence of extraterrestrial civilizations in our planet, is somehow controversial in terms of the burden of proof. It is clear ET Aliens are /persons/entities that have been proposed to exist, therefore the burden of proof is on those who claim one exists.
Believers, however, are so sure of the existence of ET visitors that they claim that those who do not believe in their Aliens must somehow "prove" that ET do not exist.
This is one of the cheapest fallacies. It’s obvious that IF someone tells us that there are pink flying elephants in the skies of New York, he must proof his/her claims.
It is ridiculous to ask me evidences that pink flying elephants do not exist.
That is why logic established that the burden of proof. The British mathematician and philosopher Bertrand Russell gives the following sample of how this fallacy works:
"If I were to suggest that between the Earth and Mars there is a china teapot revolving about the sun in an elliptical orbit, nobody would be able to disprove my assertion provided I were careful to add that the teapot is too small to be revealed even by our most powerful telescopes.
But if I were to go on to say that, since my assertion cannot be disproved, it is an intolerable presumption on the part of human reason to doubt it, I should rightly be thought to be talking nonsense.
If, however, the existence of such a teapot were affirmed in ancient books, taught as the sacred truth every Sunday, and instilled into the minds of children at school, hesitation to believe in its existence would become a mark of eccentricity and entitle the doubter to the attentions of the psychiatrist in an enlightened age or of the Inquisitor in an earlier time."



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